The optimal design of off-grid hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) is a challenging task, which often involves conflicting goals to be faced. In this work made by Paolo Marocco, Domenico Ferrero, Andrea Lanzini and Massimo Santarelli, levelized cost of energy
Technical advancements in REMOTE, the Ballard perspective. “The need of energy in Demo Norway area – declared Kristina Floche Juelsgaard, manager of Ballard – is growing in these months in island, in off-shores sites and in industrial sites”.
The optimal sizing of stand-alone renewable H2-based microgrids requires the load demand to be reliably satisfied by means of local renewable energy supported by a hybrid battery/hydrogen storage unit, while minimizing the system costs. However, this task is challenging because